The First Assistant Director

This Week's Film Crew 101 Guest:

Kim Richard's 1st AD credits include The Mandalorian, Why Women Kill, and The Lion King in addition to other work in the AD department on projects like The Mentalist, Ray Donavan, The Jungle Book, Silicon Valley, American Horror Story, Young Sheldon and 12 Strong. In this episode, 您将了解金姆在片场的日子是什么样的,以及帮助她成功扮演首席助理的技能. 

 

Listen To The Episode Here:

 

The First Assistant Director: 

在准备和拍摄期间,首席助理每天都有不同的职责. During prep, 他们首先将剧本分解成拍摄过程中每个场景所需的元素. 然后,他们将把所有这些元素放入一个单行日程表中. 根据这个时间表,首席助理将计算出拍摄每个场景所需的时间. This will aid the 1st AD as they build a shooting schedule, 讨论导演想如何覆盖每个场景,以确定场景拍摄需要多少时间. 

Tech scouting is another important phase of prep. First, there is a Director’s scout. The 1st AD, along with Executive Producers, the Director, the Director of Photography, and the Location Manager, will scout locations for each scene. Once these locations have been chosen, 然后,他们会带所有的部门负责人进行第二次侦察,这样他们就可以熟悉每个地点,并找出任何额外的需求. At a production meeting, 第1助理将与各部门负责人按照现场顺序讨论拍摄计划,并协助回答最后的问题. 第一个AD会收集所有在制作准备阶段收集到的信息,以确保每个人在拍摄时都处于同一页面. 

During shooting, the 1st AD is responsible for managing crew, cast, and background actors, 确保拍摄按时进行,同时保持安全和卓越的标准. 第一任特务将保留在拍摄现场,而工作人员将为每一个场景做准备. 这可能需要与不同的部门协调,以解决任何出现的意外问题. 他们会和AD团队沟通,确保当拍摄团队准备好时,1队和BG演员已经准备好了. 在整个拍摄过程中,他们将与团队和制片人密切合作.

 

What’s a 1st AD good at?

Attention to Detail: 将剧本分解成单行日程和拍摄日程需要阅读分析, an ability to ask questions about the text, and a commitment to precision.

Time Management: A 1st AD is responsible for keeping cast and crew on schedule. This requires strategy, 了解需要多少时间来完成特定的需求, and organization. 

Multi-tasking: The ability to work towards multiple goals at once will help any 1st AD keep the crew on schedule. 这需要与多个部门就拍摄计划进行沟通, problem-solving with the Director and DP, and delegating tasks to the AD team. 

Leadership: The crew often looks to the 1st AD to make the day possible.  一个好的首席助理会对每个人一视同仁,不管他们的角色是什么, focus on their responsibilities, and work well under pressure. Additionally, 他们必须预料到船员的需要以及可能出现的任何潜在问题. In short, 第一位AD必须是有答案的人,并且必须充满信心和善意地给出这些答案.  

Communication: Be able to listen to other people’s ideas, give instructions to other members of the team, and act as a go-between for multiple departments on set.  优秀的首席助理能够传达要求并传达产品的需求,而不会大喊大叫.  You are the source of information on set, 这些信息必须清晰而简明地给出即使集合有时可能是混乱的. 


 

 

Who does a 1st AD work with?

 

2nd 2nd

Director

DP 

Department Heads

 

How do I become a 1st AD? 

从私人助理做起,在部门里一步步往上爬.  努力工作,不要害怕问问题,这样你就能把工作做好.

 

What is the salary range?

第一个助理的工资范围根据他们所从事的生产类型而有所不同.e. 单镜头,多镜头电视节目,或故事片)和什么预算层的生产运作. 在这个范围的底部可能是DGA电视节目或电影运营的预算为50万美元或更少,支付第一个AD最低工资. On the other hand, 像《正规买球app排行十佳平台》这样我们在网络电视上看的节目每周的广告收入可以达到5500-7500美元. 

Please see the following website for DGA rate cards. While the DGA sets a minimum rate, other factors like location, studio, season number, 第1位AD的经验水平会影响薪资谈判. In addition, 第一个广告的周费率将根据制作费用增加, kit rentals, golden hours, meal money, or completion of assignment. 

DGA Rate Cards: http://www.dga.org/Contracts/Rates-2020-to-2021.aspx

 

What is in a 1st AD's kit box?

A 1st AD will receive a kit box rental for having a laptop. 他们会在这个位置和准备中经常使用这台笔记本电脑. 

On set, a 1st AD will need:

  • Surveillance Headset
  • Good Sharpies
  • Pens (for your pocket)
  • Charged cell phone
  • Portable charger for cell phone

*Productions normally provide the 1st AD with a walkie, call sheets, sides, a safety vest or megaphone, etc. If the production you are working on doesn't provide these items, you may benefit from providing your own. 

 

Position Terminology

One-Line Schedule: 一份简明地提供场景编号、场景描述、 cast members, and background members in the scene. It is the primary document that the first AD will prepare for the crew. 

Shooting Schedule: A plan for each day on set. The shooting schedule dictates what scenes will be shot on each day of filming.

Key: In this context, refers to the Key 2nd AD. 

Coverage: The amount and kind of footage needed to film a scene. 

Company: 指的是为拍摄准备布景的工作人员.

DP:  DP refers to the Director of Photography 

DGA QL: DGA QL是一个资格清单,显示谁有资格在全美从事DGA项目. DGA QL的第一个区域包括洛杉矶和纽约,第三个区域包括所有其他城市. In order to qualify for the DGA QL, 一个人必须完成600个合格PA日,并从每天开始保存记录和文件. 在提交所有这些文件后,DGA将查阅申请人的记录. If they accept the days an applicant turns in, 该申请人将被列入第三地区的DGA QL和DGA CQL商业资格名单(这意味着申请人可以在除洛杉矶或纽约以外的任何地方作为第二AD在DGA电视节目或电影中工作)。. “CQL”意味着某人可以作为洛杉矶或纽约的第二AD在DGA广告上工作, but not a film or TV show. The CQL is the next step into getting into the 1st area. 一旦DGA QL第2个AD在第3个区域完成400天的合格AD, they turn in records of their days, and if accepted, they can now work in the 1st area (LA or NY) as a 2nd AD. Then, if the applicant wishes to continue to move up the chain, they have to complete 150 qualifying 2nd AD days to become a 1st. For example, 如果申请人完成了600天的合格PA日,则可以在DGA QL上作为第二AD第三区域和DGA CQL上的第二AD. 

 

Learn More:  

Learn more about Kim Richards: http://www.imdb.com/name/nm4637356/?ref_=fn_al_nm_2

Learn more about Alisha East: http://www.imdb.com/name/nm5716406/?ref_=nv_sr_srsg_0

 

感谢俄克拉荷马州电影和音乐办公室对本节目的赞助!

Learn more about filming in Oklahoma:

Oklahoma Look Book 2019

Visit: http://okfilmmusic.org/

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